More hold full-time jobs, but their income skews lower than the functional subtype. This group is unlikely to seek treatment, but individuals who do seek treatment choose self-help groups, specialty treatment programs, detoxification programs, and private health care providers. They tended to start drinking at 15 and became alcoholics by 18 — earlier than other subtypes.

  • They also have continued drinking despite the many problems it causes.
  • In contrast, the god Dionysius was known for his drunken revelry, sexual abandonment, and physical aggression.
  • Many of the effects of drinking every day can be reversed through early intervention.

Chronic severe alcoholics include the highest percentage of people struggling with co-occurring psychiatric disorders and other substance abuse issues. This group also experiences the highest alcohol-related emergency room visits, work and social problems, and withdrawal. Most intermediate familial alcoholics begin drinking around age 17 and develop alcoholism later in life, around age 32. About half of this group comes from families with alcohol problems and are likely to suffer from mental disorders. They also have high rates of cigarette, marijuana, and cocaine addiction.

Treatment Programs

Despite these shortcomings, the early attempts to differentiate and classify alcoholics had a positive influence on the development of alcohol studies. For example, they led to the identification of important defining characteristics of alcoholic subtypes, such as family history, psychopathology, drinking patterns, personality factors, and physical consequences. These early typologies also introduced the concept of treatment matching;2 inspired some crude attempts at empirical investigation; and suggested that the etiology, symptomatology, and natural history of alcoholism were complex phenomena. Finally, they set the stage for the development of more sophisticated theories, such as those developed by Jellinek. Nearly half of intermediate familial alcoholics (47 percent) suffer from depression, and other mental health conditions are also fairly common. Examples may include anxiety, bipolar disorder, and obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD).

  • Young adult alcohol dependents are also 2.5 times more likely to be male than female.
  • Sub-categories are important and reveal a true representation of alcoholism and negative drinking patterns within the U.S.
  • More than 50 percent of young antisocial alcoholics have a psychiatric diagnosis of antisocial personality disorder, a mental condition characterized by antagonism and a callous disregard of others and the law.
  • Other common co-occurring mental health conditions include obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) and generalized anxiety disorder.

In 1893 Kerr, who also was an honorary member of the American association, published the influential textbook Inebriety and Narcomania, which divided inebriates into two groups, periodic and habitual (Kerr 1893). Periodic inebriety is characterized by intense drinking or craving for alcohol interspersed with periods of abstinence. For some alcoholics, the drinking periods are determined by internal cues, such as the onset of menses in women.

Getting Help for All Types of Alcoholism

The Recovery Village Cherry Hill at Cooper offers comprehensive alcohol treatment services in South Jersey, and we are qualified to treat co-occurring mental health disorders like anxiety and depression. Our 90-bed inpatient facility offers a multitude of services, including individual and group therapy, medical support and case management. Our amenities also include a fitness facility and yoga room, entertainment lounges and basketball and volleyball courts.

5 types of alcoholics

Nearly the same size as the last type, this group represents 19% of US alcoholics. The incidence of mental health disorders is much more common within this type. Around half suffer from clinical depression and an equal amount come from families with generational alcohol dependency. A minority, around 20%, reported having issues with dependence on marijuana or cocaine alongside alcohol. Around one quarter of those in this category seek help for their alcoholism. The first subtype of alcoholism is the young adult subtype, also called the young alcoholic.

Alcohol and Your Health

This subtype of alcoholics is typically middle-aged, well-educated, and may seem to have it all “together” on the outside. They are likely have a steady job, a seemingly stable family life, and do not often fit into the traditional stereotype of an alcoholic. Nearly 50 percent of intermediate familial alcoholics have a family history 5 types of alcoholics of alcoholism. Nearly 19 percent of alcoholics in the U.S. fall into the intermediate familial category. Most are middle-aged, began drinking at about 17 and were addicted to alcohol by their early 30s. When they do seek treatment, they’re more likely to attend a 12-step group or seek treatment from private health care professionals.

There are five major subtypes of alcoholics as identified by the National Institutes of Health (NIH), each with different characteristics. By understanding each type of alcoholic, you can learn how this disease affects you personally so you can seek the treatment you need. The chronic severe subtype is the smallest but most severe of all the categories of alcoholism. Around 19.5 percent of the alcoholic population in the United States falls into the functional alcoholic subtype. Someone who is considered a functional alcoholic may lead a kind of double life, compartmentalizing their drinking from the rest of their life.

No comment

Bir yanıt yazın

E-posta adresiniz yayınlanmayacak. Gerekli alanlar * ile işaretlenmişlerdir